Information, Diet Suggestions, and Resources

What is Gout ?

Gout is a condition that occurs when uric acid crystals that result from high levels of uric acid (which is a result of the body breaking down substances containing purines) occurs in the blood and uric acid crystals are then deposited in the joint(s). This can lead to redness, swelling, and intense pain in the affected joint. Uric acid can become elevated in individuals with poor urinary excretion, rapid weight loss, a high proportion of meat and seafood in their diet, obesity, hypertension, and also as a result of taking certain medications. High levels of uric acid in the blood can also predispose individuals to kidney stones and other kidney problems. Weight loss is often recommended as a treatment for gout.

The Diet

If you are on medication for gout, you may not need to restrict your diet. However, speak with your health care team for specific recommendations regarding dietary modifications as a component of the treatment for gout. The diet often recommended as a treatment for gout includes complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables and lean protein sources from low fat dairy. Fluid intake should be increased. Individuals with gout should reduce or avoid their consumption of fish and red meats, foods with added sugar, refined carbohydrates, and added fats. Gout patients should also restrict their intake of beer, wine and distilled alcohol, and sweeteners.